METAL - International Conference on Metallurgy and Materials

Conference Proceedings - METAL 2023

32nd International Conference on Metallurgy and Materials
May 17 - 19, 2023 / Orea Congress Hotel Brno, Czech Republic, EU
ISSN: 2694-9296
ISBN: 978-80-88365-12-9

The 32nd International Conference on Metallurgy and Materials METAL 2023 took place in Brno on 17-19 May 2023. Almost 180 participants from 21 countries listened to 65 lectures and viewed 86 posters.

The conference was opened by Assoc. Prof. Christian Bernhard, a head of a steel cleanness and casting research group in Department for Metallurgy, Montanuniversität Leoben, Austria. He dedicated his lecture to the topic of Continuous Casting of Steel: Latest achievements and future challenges for research. The second plenary lecture was given by Jožef Medved, professor at the Department for Materials and Metallurgy, Faculty for Natural Science and Engineering, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia. The lecture dealt with the Aluminium – Sustainable Material of Green Transition.

However, the thematic scope of the conference lectures was traditionally much broader. Researchers presented innovations not only in the fields of advanced iron, cast iron, steelmaking, non-ferrous metals and alloys, metal forming and surface engineering, but also in the economics and management of metallurgical production.

The prize for the best poster has been awarded to Alexandr Arbuz from Nazarbayev University in Temirtau (Kazakhstan). In his work, he presented FEM-Simulation of Transverse Defect Closure in Austenitic Stainless Steel by Radial Shear Rolling.

The Czech Association of Scientific and Technical Societies awards the prize for the best poster presentation in the student category to Zuzana Košelová from Institute of Scientific Instruments of the CAS, Czech Republic, for her poster on Functional Tungsten-Based Thin Films and Their Characterization.

The next 33rd METAL conference will take place on May 22 - 24, 2023.

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STEJSKAL Ondřej CTU – Czech Technical University in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic, EU,
Co-authors: TATÍČEK František NOVÁK Vít MARYT Jiří HEJNIC Josef PETR Jan HAVELKA Jan
Abstract: In the pursuit to produce the best product at the lowest cost, much can be done to reduce the cost of production. One of these methods, which is nowadays inseparable from the development part of production, is numerical simulation. [..] Read more
TOFIL Szymon Faculty of Mechatronics and Machine Design, Kielce University of Technology, Kielce, Poland, EU,,,,
Co-authors: KURP Piotr DANIELEWSKI Hubert SZWED Bartłomiej
Abstract: The authors presented the ideas and assumptions with regard to manufacturing and application of a new kind metal expansion joints. Mechanically assisted laser forming manufacturing technology was briefly discussed. [..] Read more
ULYBKINA Kateryna Institute of Materials and Machine Mechanics, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovakia, EU,
Co-authors: LAPIN Juraj KAMYSHNYKOVA Kateryna
Abstract: Complex concentrated alloy (CCA) with nominal composition (CoCrFeNi)92.5Al3Ti4.5 (in at.%) was prepared by vacuum induction melting in a ceramic crucible and tilt cast into the cylindrical ceramic mould. The alloying elements such as Al and Ti were added to the basic quaternary CoCrFeNi system to promote the formation of L12 phase in the FCC (face - centered cubic) matrix during heat treatments. [..] Read more
MOSKOVCHENKO Alexey New Technologies - Research Centre, University of West Bohemia, Pilsen, Czech Republic, EU,,,
Co-authors: ŠVANTNER Michal HOUDKOVÁ Šárka
Abstract: Nondestructive testing is an important part of any production process that is required to ensure the quality of materials and parts. The development of reliable nondestructive testing (NDT) methods applicable to novel materials and manufacturing processes such as additive manufacturing is a challenging task because of the complex geometry and anisotropic material properties. [..] Read more
GONYA Elvis University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa,,
Co-authors: SIYASIYA Charles MAKHATHA Elizabeth
Abstract: In this work, the dynamic material modelling (DMM) is employed to identify the hot working window that is suitable for hot processing of Duplex stainless steel 2205 (DSS). The Gleeble 1500 thermo-mechanical simulator was used to conduct the investigation, where several hot compression tests were conducted at a temperature range of 850 - 1050 °C and strain rates of 0.001s-1 - 5s-1. [..] Read more
Co-authors: ČÍŽEK Petr KANDER Ladislav JONŠTA Petr
Abstract: Currently, technological development is focused, among other things, on hydrogen and its technologies. Hydrogen storage must be very well secured and material resistance against hydrogen embrittlement is tested using different approaches. [..] Read more
PATE Sushant B Kaunas University of Technology, Kaunas, Lithuania,
Co-authors: DUNDULIS Gintautas GRYBENAS Albertas
Abstract: The experimental estimation of the fatigue curve is quite expensive and complex. It is very difficult to create an actual reactor's working environment, such as extreme temperatures, etc. [..] Read more
DROZD Kazimierz Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Lublin University of Technology, Lublin, Poland, EU,
Co-authors: Matijošius Jonas BORETSKA Iryna
Abstract: During the operation of the axle, the load acting on the axle housing in the vertical direction has a significant effect on the fatigue life of the components. Cracks are caused by a constant stress concentration in the axle housing, resulting in fatigue at the concentration point. [..] Read more
ŠEBESTOVÁ Hana Institute of Scientific Instruments of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Brno, Czech Republic, EU,,,,,,
Co-authors: HORNÍK Petr MIKA Filip MIKMEKOVÁ Šárka AMBROŽ Ondřej MRŇA Libor
Abstract: Weld microstructure depends on the characteristics of welded materials and parameters of welding technology, especially on the heat input that determines the peak temperature and the cooling rate. When the coated sheets are welded, the effect of the chemical composition of the coating must be also considered even though its thickness is only a few tens of microns. [..] Read more
BAJŽELJ Anže Institute of Metals and Technology, Ljubljana, Slovenia, EU,,,
Co-authors: NAGODE Aleš BALAŠKO Tilen ŠETINA BATIČ Barbara BURJA Jaka
Abstract: Hot-work tool steels are extensively used in industrial applications that require high resistance to mechanical and chemical degradation at elevated temperatures. To meet these requirements, hot-work tool steels must exhibit good mechanical properties, including high tensile strength, hardness, wear resistance, and tempering resistance, as well as high thermal conductivity and ductility. [..] Read more
DANIELEWSKI Hubert Kielce University of Technology, Laser Research Centre, Kielce, Poland, EU,
Co-authors: SKRZYPCZYK Andrzej
Abstract: The article presents the results of research concerning laser lap welding of similar and dissimilar joints. Research was performed using two commonly used materials: austenitic stainless steel in grade 316L and structural ferritic-perlitic S355J2 steel. [..] Read more
DLOUHÝ Jaromír COMTES FHT a.s., Průmyslová 995, 334 43, Dobřany, Czech Republic, EU,
Abstract: Low carbon high-strength steel sheets are in scope of the material research mainly used as structural materials for automotive industry. Cold forming is the most prominent technology of achieving the final shape of the parts made of thin sheet. [..] Read more
CHVOSTOVÁ Eva COMTES FHT a.s., Průmyslová 955, 334 41 Dobřany, Czech Republic, EU,
Co-authors: KONOPÍK Pavel
Abstract: One of the methods of evaluating the mechanical properties of a material in the case of its limited amount l is the use of techniques that employ the miniaturized test specimens. The basic properties used mostly for residual life evaluation are tensile strength, impact notch toughness or impact notch toughness transition curve, fracture toughness, creep and high cycle fatigue. [..] Read more
ILJKIĆ Dario University of Rijeka, Faculty of Engineering, Rijeka, Croatia, EU,,,
Co-authors: SMOKVINA HANZA Sunčana SMOLJAN Božo KVRGIĆ Dario
Abstract: Mechanical properties of steel workpiece are often evaluated based on its hardness. For quenched and tempered steels, hardness can be predicted based on quenching and tempering processing parameters. [..] Read more
JANULIONIS Remigijus Lithuanian Energy Institute, Breslaujos str. 3, LT-44403, Kaunas, Lithuania, EU,
Co-authors: GRYBĖNAS Albertas MAKAREVIČIUS Vidas LEGHA Aleksandra LIESIONIS Vaidas
Abstract: Duplex steels are an austenitic-ferritic type of stainless steel. They have better mechanical strength, corrosion resistance, and fatigue strength in aggressive environments compared to traditional stainless steels in the food industry such as AISI 316 or 304. [..] Read more
KREISLOVÁ Kateřina SVÚOM Ltd., Prague, Czech Republic, EU,
Co-authors: VLACHOVÁ Markéta PÍŠKOVÁ Anna FIALOVÁ Pavlína POKORNÝ Petr KŘIVÝ Vít VACEK Miroslav
Abstract: Weathering steel structures are protected by patina layer. The development of the protective patina layer depends on exposure conditions. [..] Read more
Co-authors: KOSŇOVSKÁ Jana ROŽNOVSKÁ Gabriela
Abstract: Steel 16Mo3 (P1 according to ASTM) represents still a popular material used in waterwalls, pipelines and other components of steam power plant boilers operating at temperature up to 530 °C. However, the absence of other alloying elements (especially chromium) reduces the long-term structural stability of this steel especially at temperatures higher than 450 °C. [..] Read more
NĚMEC Tomáš Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Prague, Czech Republic, EU,
Co-authors: KOLAŘÍKOVÁ Marie KOLAŘÍK Ladislav SOVA Jan
Abstract: The paper deals with the issue of temperature dependence of emissivity in reference paints for surface homogenization during non-contact temperature measurement using infrared camera. Two different paints for high-temperature applications are under investigation. [..] Read more
PAZDEROVÁ Martina Centrum výzkumu Řež, Husinec-Řež, Czech Republic, EU,
Co-authors: HOJNÁ Anna VÍT Jan HADRABA Hynek ČÍŽEK Jan
Abstract: Ferritic-martensitic Eurofer-97 and oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) Eurofer steels are potential candidates for structural applications in advanced nuclear reactors. Influence of scandium, yttrium, and aluminum addition was studied at 600 °C using 10-6 wt.% oxygen concentration. [..] Read more
CHOCHOLATÝ Ondřej Research and testing institute Plzen Ltd., Pilsen, Czech Republic, EU,
Abstract: High Pressure Cold spray (CS) belongs to the family of thermal spraying technologies. The technology consists in accelerating microscopic particles to supersonic speed and depositing them on a substrate, where kinetic energy is converted into deformation and thermal energy at the moment of impact. [..] Read more
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