A conformal coating of a thin diamond layer on three-dimensional metal bone implants was shown directly on stainless steel and TiAl6V4 cortical screw implant using ultrasonic and composite polymer pretreatment method. The best conformation coverage was achieved in the case of the WO3 interlayer for both stainless steel and TiAl6V4 screws. The process of osteointegration of the screw implants into rabbit femurs is evidenced by the formation of a bone edge via desmogenous ossification around the screws in less than six months after implantation. A detailed evaluation of the tissue reaction around the implanted screws shows good biocompatibility of diamond-coated metal bone implants.Keywords: screw implant, diamond coating, osteointegration, histology
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