COMPARISON OF LIQUIDUS AND SOLIDUS TEMPERATURES OF STEEL CAST INTO INGOTS IDENTIFIED BY DIFFERENT THERMO-ANALYTICAL METHODS

1 STROUHALOVÁ Michaela
Co-authors:
1 GRYC Karel 2 SMETANA Bedřich 1 MICHALEK Karel 3 SUŠOVSKÝ Michal 1 SVIŽELOVÁ Jana
Institutions:
1 VSB - Technical University of Ostrava, Ostrava, Faculty of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Department of Metallurgy and Foundry, and Regional Materials Science and Technology Centre Czech Republic, EU, 17. listopadu 2172/15, 708 33 Ostrava-Poruba, michaela.strouhalova@vsb.cz
2 VSB - Technical University of Ostrava, Ostrava, Faculty of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Department of Physical Chemistry and Theory of Technological Processes, and Regional Materials Science and Technology Centre Czech Republic, EU, 17. listopadu 2172/15, 708 33 Ostrava-Poruba, bedrich.smetana@vsb.cz
3 VÍTKOVICE HEAVY MACHINERY, a.s., Czech Republic, EU, Ruská 2887/101, Vítkovice, 703 00 Ostrava, susovsky@vitkovice.cz
Conference:
26th International Conference on Metallurgy and Materials, Hotel Voronez I, Brno, Czech Republic, EU, May 24th - 26th 2017
Proceedings:
Proceedings 26th International Conference on Metallurgy and Materials
Pages:
89-96
ISBN:
978-80-87294-79-6
ISSN:
2694-9296
Published:
9th January 2018
Proceedings of the conference were published in Web of Science and Scopus.
Metrics:
43 views / 24 downloads
Abstract

In the framework of optimising, correct setting of the casting process, knowledge of solidus temperature (TS) and especially liquidus temperature (TL) of produced steel grade is necessary. There are options to determine these temperatures: the use of empirical equations or calculations by specialised programs (thermodynamic databases). These calculations are based on the data of steel chemical composition and final temperature of phase transformation is then its reflection. TS and TL values then may not completely correspond to reality as well. It is very appropriate to employ a combination of different methods of thermal analysis and theoretical prediction for confrontation of experimental and calculated TL and TS. Three modern devices for high temperature thermal analysis and two specialised programs of theoretical prediction are available at the Faculty of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering. Direct thermal analysis method (dirTA) and parallel currently mass-enhanced method of thermal analysis, differential thermal analysis (DTA), were used for determination of TL and TS of studied real steel grades. Simultaneous application of both methods allows to reduce significantly disadvantages of each method and recommend proper TL and TS into the casting process and real conditions of industrial partner. Paper is focused on the discussion of TL and TS of steels cast into ingots (9 melts; 7 steel grades) analysed in the frame of a project TA0410035. Submitted evaluation refers an importance of the parallel utilization of different methods, their accuracy and reproducibility and also the divergences between TL and TS experimentally determined, empirically calculated and predicted by thermodynamic SWs’ calculations.

Keywords: steel, solidus temperature, liquidus temperature, thermal analysis, thermodynamic calculations
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