THE MILITARY TRANSPORT CHALLENGES IN LIGHT OF THE NATO ,,FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT’’ POLICY ON THE EXAMPLE OF POLAND

1 BIERNIKOWICZ Wiktor
Institution:
1 MULF – General Tadeusz Kosciuszko Military University of Land Forces, Wroclaw, Poland, EU, wiktor.biernikowicz@awl.edu.pl
Conference:
CLC 2018 - Carpathian Logistics Congress, Wellness Hotel Step, Prague, Czech Republic, EU, December 3 - 5, 2018
Proceedings:
Proceedings CLC 2018 - Carpathian Logistics Congress
Pages:
248-253
ISBN:
978-80-87294-88-8
ISSN:
2694-9318
Published:
18th April 2019
Proceedings of the conference were published in Web of Science.
Metrics:
485 views / 270 downloads
Abstract

The main purpose of this paper is to analyze and evaluate logistics capabilities of Poland as a Host Nation Country (HNS) with special regard to the military transport. Security challenges of a contemporary world require new NATO strategy especially in the area of strategic and tactical deployment. Fast movement of troops and equipment within Central and Eastern Europe during peacetime depends on many factors. Effective transport infrastructure belongs to the one of the most important element. Rising number of military trainings and exercises like Dragoon Ride, Sabre Strike or Atlantic Resolve in countries such as Poland, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia shows the real level of NATO armed forces capabilities in such particular areas like military mobility and logistics. Based on the official reports and data collected there is a visible difference between the rail, road, sea and air infrastructure standards and condition in the western and eastern part of Europe. What is more, units coming from U.S. or Canada are not familiar with transport standards and procedures in Eastern Flank countries. Identification of all existing barriers to deployment of troops and heavy equipment require better cooperation between military and civilian agencies.Experiences of Polish Armed Forces collected, shows many disadvantages of existing logistics system – especially in the area of land transport organization and procedures. The article presents the results of the research on the NATO Freedom of Movement policy implementation in Poland carried out by the author in 2015-2018. It is based on the analysis of post mission reports and statistics and is the effect of observing phenomena occurring mainly in the field of transport and transshipment services.

Keywords: Military mobility, transport, military transport, Freedom of Movement, logistics

© This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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