BREAKAGES OF SØDERBERG ELECTRODES DURING SUBMERGED ARC FURNACES START-UP

1 KOZŁOWSKI Sławomir
Co-authors:
2 KOŁTUN Konrad 2 JANIK Katarzyna 2 BANASIK Łukasz
Institutions:
1 Silesian University of Technology, Katowice, Poland, EU, skozlowski@polsl.pl
2 Re Alloys sp. z o.o., Łaziska Górne, Poland, EU, lukasz.banasik@realloys.pl
Conference:
32nd International Conference on Metallurgy and Materials, Orea Congress Hotel Brno, Czech Republic, EU, May 17 - 19, 2023
Proceedings:
Proceedings 32nd International Conference on Metallurgy and Materials
Pages:
121-125
ISBN:
978-80-88365-12-9
ISSN:
2694-9296
Published:
13th June 2023
Metrics:
218 views / 166 downloads
Abstract

This article presents a technological issue related to the operation of self-baking electrodes in six-electrodes submerged arc furnaces during the process of smelting high-grade silicon alloys with iron and other elements by carbothermal reduction, carried out in Re Alloys ferroalloys plant. Particular attention is paid to technological problems related to the use of Søderberg electrodes during start-ups of electric furnaces after shutdowns. The impact of furnace shutdowns and starts-ups on thermal conditions disturbance of electrode sintering process, formation of microcracks, and thus deterioration of mechanical strength of the electrode leading to increased risk of breaking, is presented. Actual examples of electrode breaking during SAF start-up, causes of breaking, and possible ways to avoid them are described in the article.

Keywords: Metallurgy, self-baking electrode, submerged arc furnaces, ferrosilicon

© This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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