Boronizing is a thermochemical process in which the boron atoms are introduced into the steel surfaces. During this process, the boride layers with high hardness, wear- and corrosion-resistance are formed. In this study, the Royalloy (0.05 wt.% C; 12.6 wt.% Cr; 0.4 wt.% Si and 1.2 wt.% Mn) steel was powder-boronized at 900, 950, 975, 1000 or 1050 °C, and for 1, 3, 5, 7 or 10 h. The boronized samples were analyzed by X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) to analyze their phase composition, and by scanning electron microscope to analyze their thickness and morphology at the interface with the substrate. To investigate the chemical elements redistribution during the boronizing process, the EDS mapping and EDS point analysis were used. The treatments produced boride layers with a thickness from 8 to 168 µm, depending on the boronizing parameters. During the boronizing process, the chromium was redistributed between the boride layers, where creates the chromium borides, and the transient region underneath the boride layers, where creates the particles with the biggest amount of chromium. The silicon was focused at the layer – substrate interfaces. The concentration of manganese was slightly higher in substrate compared to the boride layers.Keywords: Boride layers, boronizing, chromium, borides
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