THE CHALLENGES IN THE HIGH CARBON FERROMANGANESE INDUSTRY AND PROSPECTS

1 KALENGA WA KALENGA Michel
Institution:
1 University of Johannesburg, Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment, School of Mining, Metallurgy and Chemical Engineering, Johannesburg, South Africa, michelk@uj.ac.za
Conference:
30th Anniversary International Conference on Metallurgy and Materials, Brno, Czech Republic, EU, May 26 - 28, 2021
Proceedings:
Proceedings 30th Anniversary International Conference on Metallurgy and Materials
Pages:
65-70
ISBN:
978-80-87294-99-4
ISSN:
2694-9296
Published:
15th September 2021
Proceedings of the conference have been sent to Web of Science and Scopus for evaluation and potential indexing.
Metrics:
29 views / 14 downloads
Abstract

The production of High carbon ferromanganese industry worldwide is facing gigantic challenges due an ever-increasing production cost that is mainly due to the yearly increase of electricity and the depletion of metallurgical coke. The power supply in some part of the world has become a challenge therefore impacting the productivity and slowing the growth of economies. Due to the depletion of metallurgical coke, alternative carbonaceous materials that would efficiently sustain the carbothermic reduction. The current paper depicts some of the challenges and presents some prospects and directions that are being tried as rescue measures. A number of laboratory bench-scale results are presented and enjoy being of good prospects.

Keywords: Metallurgy, High carbon ferromanganese, challenges, prospects

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