from the conferences organized by TANGER Ltd. provisional website
Resistance spot welding is one of the most used welding technologies for joining of thin, deep drawn steel sheets in automotive industry. The condition of electrodes may have significant impact on the resulting weld quality, therefore it is necessary to check the electrodes´ wear that otherwise may cause creation of specific defects in the weld joints. One of the possibilities is utilization of infrared thermography. In order to perform the testing correctly it is essential to know the expected emissivity of the electrodes. This article deals with the changes in emissivity due to wear. It demonstrates that the emissivity of new electrodes is significantly different in comparison with worn electrodes. The biggest change is observed between the first and 25th weld. With increasing number of performed welds the emissivity drops slightly with increasing number of welds. The increased temperature caused significant drops when temperature is elevated up to 40 °C, but it is virtually constant for temperatures above 40 °C. It concludes that a mean „operational emisivity of the electrodes operated at higher temperatures (i.e. 40 °C +) is a suitably accurate factor to be used during the weld inspection on defects.Keywords: automotive, resistance spot welding, thermography, ultrasonic testing
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