Possibilities of the use of alternative drives from the point of view of operation of an industrial enterprise are at present almost unlimited, and it will always depend on concrete conditions of the company to which measure the company will decide to use alternative fuels in its fleet. One of the main arguments for using of alternative motor fuels are ecological reasons. The aim of the paper was to perform environmental and economic analyses of possibilities of the use of alternative drives in the logistics of metallurgical enterprises, to evaluate the most beneficial fuel from this point of view, and to perform an analysis of obstacles of the following development of the alternative fuel, including proposal for their removal. The method of investigation was, first of all, analysis, synthesis and statistical evaluation of information which was obtained by studying of scientific papers, literature and legal documents at different levels of the state, EU and worldwide institutions. To find a reply to the question related to the impact of the fuels to the living environment, the Life Cycle Assessment analysis was used. According to the economic and ecological analysis, the paper evaluated CNG as one of the most beneficial alternative fuels; and the conclusion of the paper includes evaluation of obstacles of the following development of the CNG and a proposal of possibility of their removal. Besides of that, possibilities of expansion of the manufacturing enterprise's production schedule while using the expansion of CNG in the market as suitable fuel were specified in the conclusion. A solution of this theme fits into the conception of the circular economy, which is a conception which is an integral part of the sustainable development and dealing with the methods how to increase the quality of living environment and human life through increasing the production effectiveness.Keywords: Alternative fuels, logistics of a metallurgical enterprise, Life Cycle Assessment, CNG, economic analysis, metallurgical enterprise’s production schedule
© This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.