METAL DEMAND ASSESSMENT OF BATTERY ELECTRIC VEHICLES

1 BURCHART-KOROL Dorota
Co-authors:
1 FOLĘGA Piotr
Institution:
1 Silesian University of Technology, Faculty of Transport, Krasińskiego 8 40-019 Katowice, Poland, EU, dorota.burchart-korol@polsl.pl, piotr.folega@polsl.pl
Conference:
27th International Conference on Metallurgy and Materials, Hotel Voronez I, Brno, Czech Republic, EU, May 23rd - 25th 2018
Proceedings:
Proceedings 27th International Conference on Metallurgy and Materials
Pages:
1853-1858
ISBN:
978-80-87294-84-0
ISSN:
2694-9296
Published:
24th October 2018
Proceedings of the conference were published in Web of Science and Scopus.
Metrics:
31 views / 7 downloads
Abstract

Management of metal and fossil fuels resources is one of the goals of the electromobility development. The aim of this study was to evaluate cumulative metal demand in battery electric vehicles (BEVs) based on life cycle assessment (LCA). Metal and mineral demand covered the whole life cycle with a special focus on the electric vehicle batteries. Previous papers focused primarily on one category of environmental impact - greenhouse gases emission from electric vehicles with the Well To Wheel method. The paper presented results of LCA for electric vehicles with a lithium-ion battery use for mechanical drive. Based on the LCA carried out it was shown that battery and car production are the main determinants for BEVs in Poland. It is associated with the amount of used different metals demand, particularly manganese, copper, iron, molybdenum and chromium. The work addresses important problems associated with the metals management. This is the first attempt at a cumulative metal demand of BEVs life cycle in Poland.

Keywords: metal demand management, electromobility, electric vehicle batteries, life cycle assessment
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