It is well documented that the addition of antimony in pure lead increases tensile strength and reduced elongation. The goal of the present work is to identify the cause of these phenomena by investigation of the effects of the addition of Sb (1.25 wt.%) on the structure of pure continuously cast lead and lead alloy rods. The microstructure and morphology of both pure lead and lead with 1.25 wt.% antimony were examined by digital optical microscope and scanning electron microscope respectively. Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDX) was used to identify alloying elements. The results showed that the effect of additions of antimony on mechanical properties of lead-antimony alloys is mainly due to the solid solubility of the antimony. Distribution of the antimony results in a decrease in the grain size of the pure lead. These smaller grains mean higher strength so long as there is a homogeneous grain structureKeywords: Continuous casting, lead, lead-antimony alloy, oscillation mark, metallography, SEM/EDX
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