The different schemes of resource-saving Thermomechanical Processing (TMP) based on the hot, hot-warm and cold deformation applied to various steels and alloys including sheets, bars and parts production are described. Structural and phase transformations in the course of TMP and their role in formation of structure and mechanical properties in the different cross section shape of billets and parts are presented. The basic physical principles of non-isothermal TMP as a base for developing of new resource-saving technologies of metal products manufacturing and examples of industrial application are demonstrated. Different TMP schemes developed for application to two rolling methods - radial face rolling for producing annular billets including billets with Z-shaped profile and longitudinal rolling for producing cylindrical billets with variable sections of profile, for stepped shafts. Physical simulation to control structure and mechanical properties of TMP treated products are presented.Keywords: Thermomechanical Processing, steels, resource-saving technologies
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