ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN THE IRON & STEEL INDUSTRY IN EU MEMBER STATES IN LIGHT OF THE THEORY OF ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS

1 GOŁASA Piotr
Co-authors:
1 WYSOKIŃSKI Marcin 1 BIEŃKOWSKA-GOŁASA Wioletta
Institution:
1 Warsaw University of Life Sciences-SGGW , Warszawa, Poland, EU, piotr_golasa@sggw.pl
Conference:
24th International Conference on Metallurgy and Materials, Hotel Voronez I, Brno, Czech Republic, EU, June 3rd - 5th 2015
Proceedings:
Proceedings 24th International Conference on Metallurgy and Materials
Pages:
1927-1932
ISBN:
978-80-87294-58-1
ISSN:
2694-9296
Published:
12th January 2015
Proceedings of the conference were published in Web of Science and Scopus.
Metrics:
346 views / 129 downloads
Abstract

The article presents the use of different energy sources in the iron & steel industry in the European Union in the period between 2005 and 2013. The analysis was based on data from Eurostat. It has been found that the iron & steel industry has, during the studied period, decreased its share in final energy consumption from 5.31% to 4.6%. The largest portion of this, 47%, is derived from Solid fuels, with Oil the smallest at only 2.44%. Over the studied period the structure of energy sources used in the iron & steel industry underwent changes. The consumption of Coke oven coke, which in 2005 accounted for 28.38% of energy sources calculated in kilo tonnes of oil equivalent (ktoe) decreased and in 2013 amounted to only 24.57%. However, this was offset by an increase in consumption of other bituminous coal. Great diversity in the structure of energy sources was observed in the iron & steel industry in the surveyed countries. In 2013, the largest share of Solid Fuels was observed in the United Kingdom - 68.96%. The smallest was recorded in Spain and Italy, but those countries were characterised by the decidedly largest share held by Electricity (over 30%).

Keywords: metallurgy, consumption, energy source, environmental economics

© This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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