CONCEPTS AND TRENDS IN CORPORATE R&D EXPEDNITURES IN METALLURGY

1 POMYKALSKI Przemysław
Institution:
1 Lodz University of Technology, Lodz, Poland, EU, ppomykalski@gmail.com
Conference:
24th International Conference on Metallurgy and Materials, Hotel Voronez I, Brno, Czech Republic, EU, June 3rd - 5th 2015
Proceedings:
Proceedings 24th International Conference on Metallurgy and Materials
Pages:
1780-1784
ISBN:
978-80-87294-58-1
ISSN:
2694-9296
Published:
12th January 2015
Proceedings of the conference were published in Web of Science and Scopus.
Metrics:
49 views / 10 downloads
Abstract

Research and Development is believed to be a major source of innovations, which are increasingly driving modern economic growth. Although we are convinced that investments in R&D and other innovation assets are desirable they are difficult to measure from business perspective. I analyze changes in research and development expenditures focusing on industrial metals and mining companies. The main result of the paper is the recognition of differences and changes in R&D spending implicating changes in strategic approach to R&D.

Keywords: R&D, corporations, metallurgy, innovation

© This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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