The main aim of the paper is the identification of the scope and barriers of organization and operation of Japanese supply chains and networks in the different socio-economic condition in Poland. In the paper the six in-depth case studies of first tier-suppliers from automotive sector have been analysed in terms of facility location, planning, organization and control of processes, transport and warehousing, purchasing and inventory management, distribution and customer service, eco-logistics, supply chain social responsibility, production logistics, research and development, information technology, cooperation with local authority. The research showed a diversity of implemented methods and management tools as well as conditions for their adaptation in different macroeconomic, regulatory, social and cultural and infrastructural environments. The effective implementation of methods and techniques of Japanese supply chain management in companies operating in Poland required significant changes in the process of human resources managements.Keywords: Supply chain management, Japanese management methods, automotive sector, Japanese foreign direct investments
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